Frank Malina (1912-1981)

Grid painting
71 x 90 cm


Frank Malina in front of Spring II, 1961 (photo Marc Vaux)
Theater, 1956, Electro-painting, 51 x 75 cm
New Landscape, Drawing, 1953
Red-White Planet, 1969, Tapestry, 48.5 x 84.5 cm

Frank J. Malina was an American artist-engineer of Czech origin, who became one of the pioneers of lumino-kinetic art in Paris.  From 1944 to 1946 he co-founded and directed the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, the first American university rocket laboratory.  Then victim of the Maccarthy era witch-hunt, he took refuge in Paris in 1947.  He took part in the very first UNESCO programs, and became involved in artistic research.  Among his first paintings with strings, grids and moiré, one was acquired in 1954 by the Museum of Modern Art of the city of Paris. He then succeeded in developing his first luminous paintings, often illustrating cosmic themes: painted Plexiglas compositions, lit by light bulbs and animated by motors . He exhibited widely during the 1950s-1970s, including at the Museum of Modern Art in Paris, the Stedelijk Museum in the Netherland, the Whipple Museum and the Smithsonian institution.  Among the museums holding works by Malina are the Pompidou Center in Paris, the Smithsonian Institute, ZKM in Germany, and the National Gallery in Prague. In 1968, he founded the Leonardo Journal, dedicated to artists working at the intersection of art and science.
1953, October, Frank J. Malina, Galerie Henri Tronche, Paris
1954, June, « Transparents » de Frank J. Malina, Galerie Arnaud, Paris
1955, July, Les Electro-peintures de Frank J. Malina, Galerie Colette Allendy, Paris
1960, December-January 1961, Frank J. Malina. Peintures cinétiques, Galerie Furstenberg, Paris
1961, April, Frank J. Malina, Schwarz, galleria d’arte, Milan
1965, June, Malina. Mouvement réel, lumière et espace, Galerie Furstenberg, Paris
1966, June-July, Frank J. Malina, Galerie Na Karlově Náměstí, Prague
1966, March, Frank Malina. Pitture Cinetiche, L’Obelisco, Rome
1966, March, Malina. Peinture cinétique. Galerie l’Œil Ecoute, Lyon
1969, January- April, Frank Malina, American Embassy, Paris (January-February), puis sous le haut patronage de son Excellence Sargent Shriver, Ambassadeur des Etats-Unis en France, Troyes (March), Rennes (March-April)
1970, March, Art cinétique. Franck (sic) Joseph Malina, Centre culturel André Maurois, Meudon
1971, February-March, Frank J. Malina – Henri Gabriel, Gallerit Center, Antwerpen
1971, March-April, Frank J. Malina, Victor Seach, two American artists at the American Library, Embassy of the United States of America, Brussels
1971, July-August, Frank J. Malina. Kinetic, Danish Museum of Decorative Art, Copenhagen (with the coordination of Borge Michelsen, science journalist, UNESCO)
1971, October-November, Frank J. Malina & Henri Gabriel, Galerie Ado, Bonheiden
1971-1972, Frank J. Malina. Kinetic Paintings, Amerika Haus (US Cultural Center), Berlin, Hamburg and Hannover
1972, June-July, Frank J. Malina: A Texan on the New Frontiers, University of Texas, Institute of Texan Cultures, San Antonio (travelling exhibition in the United States until 1976)
2007, November – January 2008, Point-Line –Universe. A Retrospective Exhibition of Frank J. Malina, Kampa Museum, Prague
2010-2011, The Pleasure of Light. György Kepes and Frank J. Malina at the intersection of science and art, Ludwig Museum, Budapest, Historical Museum, Gdansk
2015, Frank Malina, RCM Galerie, Paris
1954, July-August, Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Musée des Beaux-Arts de la Ville, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1954, November, Quinze Groupes (Société de l’Ecole Française), Palais des Beaux-Arts, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1954, December, Salon de l’Art Libre, Palais des Beaux-Arts de la Ville, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1955, July, Comparaisons, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville, Paris
1955, July-August, Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Musée des Beaux-Arts de la Ville, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1955, December, Salon de l’Art Libre, Palais des Beaux-Arts de la Ville, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1956, January, Lumière, Galerie Colette Allendy, Paris
1956, January, Première Exposition Internationale de l’Art Plastique Contemporain, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Paris
1956, February-March, Galerie d’Orsay, Paris
1956, March, Comparaisons, Musée d’Art Moderne de la ville de Paris, Paris
1956, June-August, Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Musée des Beaux-Arts de la Ville, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1956, August, Festival de l’Art d’Avant-Garde, Cité Radieuse, Marseille
1957, January-February, Abstractions en Forme et Couleur, Galeries Raymond Duncan, Paris
1957, February, Comparaisons, Musée d’Art Moderne de la ville de Paris
1957, April-May, Micro-salon d’Avril, Iris Clert, Paris
1957, May-June, 50 ans de peinture abstraite (à l’occasion de la publication du dictionnaire de la peinture abstraite par Michel Seuphor au éditions Fernand Hazan), Galerie Creuze, Paris
1958, October, Salon Comparaisons, Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno, Mexico
1958-60, Comparaisons, Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris
1959, Signals Gallery, London
1960, April-May, Multiplizierte Kunstwerke, die sich bewegen, oder bewegen lassen – der Edition MAT Paris, Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld
1960, May-June, Kinetische Kunst. Alexander Calder, Mobiles und Stabiles aus den letzten Jahren. Edition MAT, Paris, Kunstwerke, die sich bewegen oder bewegen lassen, Kunstgewerbemuseum, Zurich
1960, June, Studio Saint Germain, Paris
1961, February-March, Comparaisons, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
1961, Marh-April, Moderne verdenskunst fra Ahrenbergs samling I Stockholm, Frederiksberg Rädhus, Stockholm
1961, Bewogen, Beweging, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek (Danemark)
1962, March-April, Comparaisons, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
1962, Antagonismes 2 : l’Objet, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris
1963, Bewegte Bereiche der Kunst, Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld
1963, Henry Valensi et le Musicalisme, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon
1964, Comparaisons, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
1964, November-December, Concrete, Phonetic and Kinetic Poetry, St. Catharine’s College, Cambridge
1965, February- March, Art and Movement, Edinburgh, Diploma Galleries, Royal Scottish Academy, Glasgow, Art Gallery and Museum
1965, May-June, Art et Mouvement. Art optique et cinétique, Musée de Tel Aviv, Pavillon Helena Rubinstein
1965, August-September, Nova Tendencija 3, Galerija suvremene umjetnosti (Gallery of Contemporary Art), Zagreb
1965, Lumière et Mouvement Optique, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels
1965-1966, Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
1966, January-February, Licht en beweging, ‘TVenster Kunstcentrum, Rotterdam
1966, February-April, Light in Art, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, Texas
1966, April-June, American Landscape: A Changing Frontier, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
1966, September-December, Kunst Licht Kunst, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
1967, February-March, Lights in Orbit, Howard Wise Gallery, New York
1967, May-August, Art cinétique à Paris. Lumière et Mouvement, Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris
1968, March, Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Salles Wilson, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1968, April, Comparaisons, Salles Wilson, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1968, August, Tendencije 4, Gallery of Contemporary Art, Zagreb
1968, December, 2001, Galleria dell’Obelisco, Rome
1968-1969, Cybernetic Serendipity, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., The Palace of Arts and Science (under the supervision of Frank Oppenheimer, Director), San Francisco.
1969, February-March, Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Salles Wilson, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1969, March-April, Comparaisons, Salles Wilson, av. du Président Wilson, Paris
1969, March-April, Visuelt Miljö 1, Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo
1969, Salon de Mai, Salles Wilson, 11 av. du President Wilson, Paris, Museum of Modern Art, Belgrade
1969, May-June, Valo ja Liike 2 (Light and Movement 2), Amos Andersonin Taidemuseo, Helsinki
1969, May-September, 7 Américains de Paris, Galerie Air France, 683 Fifth Avenue, New York
1969, July-August, Lys og Bevaegelse (Light and Movement), Bella Centret, Copenhagen
1969, December – Januray, 1970, The Artist and Space. Paintings, Drawings, and Sculpture related to the Apollo Mission to the Moon, selected, with a few exceptions, from the art program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Gallery, Washington D.C.
1970, April-May, Comparaisons, Pavillon Baltard, Halles de Paris
1970, September-November, Kinetics, Arts Council of Great Britain, Hayward Gallery, London
1970 December – April 1971, Space and Artists, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
1971, February-March, Salon Comparaisons, Pavillon Baltard, Paris
1971, April-May, Salon de Mai, Salles New-York, quai de New York, Paris
1971, April-August, Art and Science, Exhibition organized on the occasion of the inauguration of the new Tel-Aviv Museum
1971, May-June, Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Parc Floral de Paris
1971-1972, Fondation Peter Stuyvesant.Art. Art de l’ère spatiale, Utrecht, Musée Central, Venlo, Centre Culturel, Dronten,’de Meerpal’, Maastricht, Fondation Centre Culturel, Groningen, Musée de Groningen, Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Gand, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Charleroi, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Nantes, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Chambéry, Musées d’Art et d’Histoire, St.Etienne, Musée d’Art et d’Industrie 1972, October-November, Kinetic Art, Welsh Arts Council, Glyn Vivien Gallery, Swansea, Talbot Rice art Centre, Edinburgh University
1972-74, Réalités Nouvelles, Parc Floral de Paris
1972-74, May-June, Salon de Mai, Salles New-York, quai de New-York, Paris
1973, June-July, Première Rétrospective des Salons Musicalistes (1932-1960), Galerie Hexagramme, Paris
1973, September, International Audio Visual Exhibition, Tehran
1973, October, Art Forum, UNESCO, Paris
1974, July, Artists and Astronautics. Collection of Space Art Works, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
1975, May-June, Salon de Mai, Salles New-York, quai de New-York, Paris
1975, September-October, Ars Studeo, Copenhagen
1976, January-February, Kinetic Sculpture. George Baker, Frank Malina, George Rickey, Baxter Art Gallery, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena
1977, May-June, La Couleur dans la ville. 150 sculptures polychromes, Espace Cardin, Champs-Elysées, Paris
1977, July-August, Art et Matière, Orangerie du Luxembourg, Paris
1983, December-February 1984, Electra. Electricity and electronics in the art of the XXth century, Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris
2000, May-October, Seven Hills. Images and Signs of the 21st Century, Berliner Festspiele to mark the Millennium 2000, Martin Gropius Bau, Berlin
2002 October -2003 January, Lanterna Magika. Nouvelles technologies dans l’art tchèque du XXe siècle, Espace Electra, Paris
2005, May-September, L’Œil Moteur. Art Optique et Cinétique, 1950-1975, Musée d’Art Moderne et Contemporain, Strasbourg
2005 – 2006, November August, Light Art from Artificial Light, ZKM, Museum of Contemporary Art, Karlsruhe
2007, April-June, Bit. international. (Nove) Tendencije – Computer and Visual Research, Neue Galerie, Graz;
2008, October – January 2009, Cosmos. En busca de los origenes de Kupka a Kubrick, Tenerife Espacio de las Artes
2013, April-July, Dynamo. Un Siècle de Lumière et de Mouvement dans l’Art 1913-2013, Grand Palais, Paris
2016-2017, Kunst in Europa 1945-1968, Zentrum für Kunst und Medien (ZKM), Karlsruhe
2018-2019, November-March, Bauhaus and America. Experiments in Light and Movement, LWL-Museum für Kunst und Kultur, Westfälisches Landesmuseum, Münster
2019, June-September, Moon Museum 1969. Art and Space, Vasarely Museum, Budapest
2020, Multiplied: Edition MAT and the Transformable Work of Art, 1959-1965, Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University, St. Louis.
2021, United States of Abstraction. Artistes américains en France 1946-1964, Musée d’Art, Nantes, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
2022, February-August, Kinetismus. 100 Years of Electricity in Art, Kunsthalle Praha, Prague